The history of Tampere is tightly linked with the history of factories and mills, of which Finlayson, Tampella and Frenckell belong to the most important ones. All were once powered by the Tammerkoski Rapids, which also gave birth to the whole city. Today, the rapids together with old red-brick factory buildings make one of Finland's national heritage landscapes.
Numerous museums in Tampere also portray themes ranging from history of industrializing Finland, the life of Lenin and the world of the spy to ice hockey and Tove Jansson's much loved Moomin characters.
There are also works of environmental art in Tampere Region: Tree Mountain and Up and Under. Tree Mountain is a work of environmental art by Agnes Denes (1995) in Ylöjärvi, west of Tampere. 10,600 pine tree saplings are planted on a cone-shaped gravel hill according to a mathematical formula. Up and under is a work of earth art by Nancy Holt (1996) in Pinsiö: sand, concrete, earth, grass and water form the work of art in the gravel pit.